About ICAR-NRC on Mithun

ICAR-National Research Centre on Mithun, established in the year 1988, being the only research organization in the world, is exclusively working for the continual improvement and conservation of Mithun (Bos frontalis). The Institute has two campuses viz., Medziphema (Dimapur district) and Porba (Phek district) of Nagaland at about 300 and 2133m above the mean sea level.

During the last 30 years, the Institute has not only generated invaluable scientific data towards the understanding of this unique species but also the developed several packages of practices and technologies. Conservation efforts including taming of mithun and demonstrating an alternative system of semi-intensive rearing of mithun like other bovine species resulted in the complete domestication of the species. Popularization efforts led to the adoption of scientific rearing of mithun by the tribal communities of North Eastern Region (NER) with better returns. Some of the salient achievements of the Institute are:

▶ Genetic and molecular characterization of different mithun populations and delineating evolutionary relationship of mithun with gaur (Bos gaurus).

▶ Protocol for collection and freezing of semen, estrus synchronization and AI in mithun, and successful implementation in the Institute farm and farmers' fields.

▶ Development of a protocol for collection and cryopreservation of embryo in mithun leading to the birth of the World's first embryo transfer mithun calf from a cryopreserved embryo "Mohan"

▶ Area-specific mineral mixture and feed block using locally available trees/shrubs and industrial by-products

▶ Chemical and nutritional evaluation of more than 250 feed resources (e.g., tree leaves/ shrubs/grasses) for incorporation in the total mixed ration (TMR).

▶ Determination of age by dentition pattern of mithun under field conditions

▶ Surveillance of important parasitic, bacterial, and viral diseases in mithun and development of control measures

▶ Diversified use of mithun: value-added milk products ( paneer, lassi, dahi and rasgolla), meat (meat block, patties, nugget and meat powder), skins and hides ( leather jacket, ladies bag, shoe, wallet, portfolio bag,), Draftability

▶ Semi-intensive system of rearing of mithun as a farming system model